What is Glaucoma? Causes

Glaucoma is a medical condition characterized by increased pressure within the eye. The pressure causes damage to the optic nerve and can lead to permanent blindness. It also leads to loss of vision, even when Eye specialist in Hyderabad is given.

Glaucoma is most commonly known as irreversible blindness worldwide. It can occur for many reasons, but one of the more common causes is

  • Intraocular pressure (IOP)

  • Angle-closure glaucoma (OAG)

Who is affected with Glaucoma

1 Glaucoma, also known as optic nerve damage, is a condition that occurs when the optic nerve is damaged. 

2 If not treated in time,, Glaucoma can lead to vision loss and blindness. A common misconception is that most people with glaucoma are over 60 years old but this isn’t true. 

3 In fact, many cases of glaucoma are found in younger people under 40 years old.

4 This condition can lead to a number of symptoms varying from 

  • Blurry vision to color blindness and 

  • Pain in the eye or face

5 It’s often accompanied by headaches and vomiting which means that it’s important for people with glaucoma to seek medical attention as soon as possible.

Causes of Glaucoma

1 Glaucoma is a disease that makes the optic nerve lose its ability to transmit signals to the brain. As a result, vision is lost gradually over time.

2 Glaucoma damages the optic nerve and this occurs due to pressure in the eye.

3 Pressure can be caused by high intra-ocular pressure (IOP) or fluid in the eye. Symptoms of Glaucoma include:

  • Fluid draining into your nose or ears when you blink

  • Vision loss

  • Blind spots and floaters

  • These symptoms may not be apparent until later on and doctors can help






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